Easton Neston House

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are no visible remains

NameEaston Neston House
Alternative NamesEstneston; Estone
Historic CountryNorthamptonshire and the Soke of Peterborough
Modern AuthorityNorthamptonshire
1974 AuthorityNorthamptonshire
Civil ParishEaston Neston

The licence granted to Richard Empson in 1499 to create a large park around his manor at Easton Neston, (CPR p. 163-4) work which he presumably carried out in the years immediately following, marks a major turning-point in the landscape history of the parish. Any remaining houses at Easton itself (apart from the manor) were removed and thenceforth the only settlement in the parish outside the park was the small village at Hulcote (where the capital messuage was evidently taken down after Empson acquired that manor also) and the farm at Sewardsley. In 1517 Empson was said to have inclosed 64 a. of arable and pasture within his new park at Easton and Hulcote a few months before the grant of 1499, and to have converted 24 a. of arable to sheep pasture in 1502. The park contained 33 deer in 1540; three years later the Court of Augmentations compensated tenants for loss of land when it was enlarged, and some glebe was also taken in this way. Although the exact size and appearance of the park cannot be established before 1779 it appears to have included all the former common fields of Easton Neston and possibly part of those of Hulcote, but not those belonging to Sewardsley. A visitor from Moravia in 1600 commented on the 'most unusual gamepark' at Easton Neston, where the trees were trained into arbours, in which huntsmen could hide and shoot the game which wandered about the place.

The licence of 1499 also allowed Empson to crenellate his manor at Easton, which may have led to a rebuilding of the house. In 1511 there were 22 chambers at the manor; downstairs the principal rooms included two butteries and two parlours as well as a hall, two kitchens (one of them 'new'), a brewhouse and a number of other service rooms. The inclusion of 32 cases of glass, wrought-iron door furniture and other ironware, 1 cwt. of bricks, and three cases of tiles (P.R.O., C 142/26/21) may imply that building work was then in progress

In 1540 the rooms included a gallery (and gallery chamber), a porter's lodge (apparently leading to an inner court), a limehouse, a fish-house and a house in the garden in which there was a drag and flue to take fish. (L. & P. Hen. VIII, xv. 309-10) The house, which was visited by Elizabeth I on at least three occasions and also by James I and Charles I, may appear in the background to a painting of Sir George Fermor of 1597, which shows an agglomeration of pitched roofs, gables, arched doorways and mullioned windows. (VCH)

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSP701492
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

No photos available. If you can provide pictures please contact Castlefacts

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

Calculate Print


  • Riden, Philip and Insley, Charles (eds), 2002, 'Easton Neston' VCH Northamptonshire Vol. 5 p. 98-126 online transcription
  • Salter, Mike, 2002, The Castles of the East Midlands (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 75
  • Emery, Anthony, 2000, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 2 East Anglia, Central England and Wales (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 183
  • Heward, J. and Taylor, R., 1996, The Country Houses of Northamptonshire (RCHME) p. 190


  • 1964 Nov., Connoisseur p. 143 (painting of 1597)

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1916, Calendar of Patent Rolls Henry VII (1494-1509) Vol. 2 p. 163-4 online copy
  • The National Archives C142/26/21 online record
  • Gairdner, J. and Brodie, R.H. (eds), 1896, Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII Vol. 15 p. 309-10 no. 650 online copy