Burradon Tower

Has been described as a Certain Pele Tower

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameBurradon Tower
Alternative NamesBurrowton
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorth Tyneside
1974 AuthorityTyne and Wear
Civil ParishLongbenton

Burradon Tower is a well-preserved example of a tower house and is one of the latest examples of this building type. The monument includes the remains of Burradon Tower, which are situated immediately east of the main farmhouse of Burradon Farm. Burradon Tower, which is Listed Grade II, is a three storey tower house, approximately 7.5m high and 7.7m by 6.9m wide, with a single chamber on each floor reached by a newel stair in the south east corner. It is constructed of sandstone blocks with walls generally surviving to a course of corbels at a height of 7m, which supported the built out battlements. The walls are of a greater height in the south east corner, where they survive to a height of 7.5m. Sections of the east, south and west walls have been lost and only survive to the first floor level. To the exterior, the north elevation contains a crude doorway, which has been fashioned from a slit window, approximately 2m high. This north elevation also has a complete row of corbels at its top. The east elevation contains an entrance at the ground floor, a slit window in the north end at first floor level, a cut-in roof line for an attached building also at first floor level. The roof line marks where 19th century farm buildings (depicted on the first edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map) were attached. The south elevation contains a doorway (believed to date from the 19th century) at ground level, three windows on the east side lighting the newel stair, and cut-in sockets for roof timbers of attached buildings. The central portion of the west elevation survives to first floor level only. Internal features include a complete, slightly pointed, vault to the ground floor and a south east newel stair leading to the upper floors. Plaster is preserved on the walls of the ground floor and on the walls of the newel stair. In the first floor chamber a fireplace is sited against the east wall

Five metres to the north east of the tower is a circular depression identified as the site of a well. A large amount of the building stone is apparent in the enclosed area around the tower. The tower is believed to have been built in the 16th century and continued in occupation into the 17th century, but is depicted as ruins on Armstrong's tithe map of 1769. By the 19th century the tower had become part of an adjoining farm and the lower two chambers had been made habitable by the construction of an internal tiled roof. This adjoining farm is shown on the first edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map of 1858, with the tower forming the north west corner of the farm with buildings attached to its east and south sides. By the second edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map of the early 20th century the tower stood alone in the present farm complex. The tower was conserved in 1977. (Scheduling Report)

Tower house. Mid C16. Sandstone rubble with long quoins. Square plan, one bay; basement and 2 floors. Chamfered surround to elliptical-headed doorway on east elevation; slit window above at right. Left return has inserted doorway with wood jambs and lintel beneath stone lintel; sill of 3-light stone-mullioned window at first floor; 2 small square windows at right on first and second floors; fragments of corbel table and parapet with machicolation, on 3 deep corbels, above east door. Ruinous at time of survey. (Listed Building Report)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNZ276730
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  • Hodgson, J.C., 1916, 'List of Ruined Towers, Chapels, etc., in Northumberland; compiled about 1715 by John Warburton, Somerset Herald, aided by John Horsley' Archaeologia Aeliana (ser3) Vol. 13 p. 15 abridged transcription
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