Barwick in Elmet Burgus Enclosure

Has been described as a Questionable Urban Defence

There are earthwork remains

NameBarwick in Elmet Burgus Enclosure
Alternative NamesWendel Hill
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityLeeds
1974 AuthorityWest Yorkshire
Civil ParishBarwick In Elmet And Scholes

Has been called burgus enclosure of Barwick Castle

Gatehouse Comments

Scheduled as Iron Age univallate hillfort between two hills (Wendel and Hall Tower) Castle occupies Southern half. Although the Iron Age defences would still be considerable in the middle ages the parish church and most of the village are outside the IA defences. It seems more probably the northern part of the IA defences were used as a outer bailey to the castle built in the southern part of the hill fort.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE398376
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Creighton, O.H. and Higham, R.A., 2005, Medieval Town Walls (Stroud: Tempus) p. 268
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 19
  • Ingham, Bernard, 2001, Bernard Ingham's Yorkshire Castles (Dalesman) p. 16-17
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 513, 535
  • Armitage and Montgomerie, 1912, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Yorkshire Vol. 2 p. 26-7



  • Bond J., 2001, 'Earthen Castles, Outer Enclosures and the Earthworks at Ascott d'Oilly Castle, Oxfordshire' Oxoniensia Vol. 46 p. 67-8 (Appendix: Earthwork castles with attached village enclosures) online copy