Tregate Castle, Llanrothal

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are earthwork remains

NameTregate Castle, Llanrothal
Alternative Names
Historic CountryHerefordshire
Modern AuthorityHerefordshire
1974 AuthorityHereford and Worcester
Civil ParishLlanrothal

The earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle and fishponds. The motte has a base diameter of 53 metres and a height of from 3 metres on the south east side to 6 metres on the north west side. Evidence of a shell keep has been reported on top of the motte. There are traces of an outer ditch on the north west side. Adjoining the south side is a small bailey extending 6 to 12 metres from the base of the motte. There are also earthwork remains of terraces and three rectangular medieval fishponds. (PastScape)

Roughly circular mound c 60yds in diameter, slight rampart enclosing remains of masonry and rising 12' above bailey. To SW is a series of terraces which appear to have formed two or three outer courts of rectangular form. Traces of ditch on NE side (RCHME). Box 10' square cut on top of motte, much black medieval pottery found above natural clay subsoil which had been dug into fairly large post hole dated by rim of medieval cooking pot. In N corner a pit has been dug, both this and levels above contained large blocks of tufa. 30' trench also cut across foot of W rampart, no defensive works discovered. Suggested it was a C12 earth and timber castle, occupied for no more than 100 years, when it reverted to a fortified farmhouse (Jenkins, 1970). Situated at SW end of spur. Motte base diameter is 53m, height 3m on SE side - 6m on NW. Traces of outer ditch on NW. Ditch must have continued around NE side to have cut site off from ridge top rising to NE. Ground now occupied by modern road. Adjacent to the S side, small bailey extending 6-12m from base of motte. Beyond are three rectangular terraces 60m long, 20-30m wide, separated by lynchet-like slopes. Bounded at NE ends by remains of ditch, at S end 11m wide, 0.7m deep, possibly descended to stream (OS record, 1972). Tregate Castle farm - reset C14 window and medieval masonry in walls. A number of earthworks were noted to the SW of the motte and bailey

One earthwork comprised the remains of a two-cell building approx 10m long and 3.5m wide. Other earthworks are associated with a post-medieval garden, including three large terraces. (Herefordshire SMR)

The shape and size of the mound does not suggest a strongly defended castle but does infer a later fortified-site... a small fortified-site based on land tenure. (Phillips 2005)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO479171
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  • Shoesmith, Ron, 2009 (Rev edn.), Castles and Moated Sites of Herefordshire (Logaston Press) p.205-6
  • Phillips, Neil, 2005, Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050-1250 (University of Wales) p. 330-1 Download from ADS
  • Salter, Mike, 2000, Castles of Herefordshire and Worcestershire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 64
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 103 (slight)
  • Stirling-Brown, R., 1989, Herefordshire Castles (privately published) p. 12
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 208
  • 1981, Herefordshire Countryside Treasures (Hereford and Worcester County Council) p. 82
  • RCHME, 1931, An inventory of the historical monuments in Herefordshire Vol. 1: south-west p. xxxvi, 172 No. 2 online transcription
  • Gould, I. Chalkley, 1908, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Herefordshire Vol. 1 p. 223


  • 1987, Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 47 p. 12.-13
  • Jenkins and others, 1970, West Midlands Archaeology Vol. 10 p. 26
  • Stanford, S.C., 1969, Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 14 p. 4 (plan)
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124