Bishop Wilton Hall Garth

Has been described as a Possible Palace (Bishop), and also as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are earthwork remains

NameBishop Wilton Hall Garth
Alternative NamesBishops Palace
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityEast Riding of Yorkshire
1974 AuthorityHumberside
Civil ParishBishop Wilton

A large medieval moated site with attached fishponds located at the eastern end of the village of Bishop Wilton. The moated island measures 180 metres south-west to north-east by 90 metres south-east to north-west, and is enclosed by a moat 3 metres wide and 3 metres deep. This moat has an outer bank 2 metres wide and surviving to a maximum height of one metre. A stream runs into and through the south-eastern arm of the moat, but the remainder of the moat is dry. Two large fishponds are incorporated into the moat, one located to the south of the south-eastern arm measures 50 metres by 5 metres. The other at the eastern corner of the monument measures 40 metres by 35 metres. The interior of the moated island exhibits a series of upstanding earthworks interpreted as the surviving remains of the buildings and other features which formerly occupied the island. These include remains of building platforms to the east of the site and, at the western corner of the site, a large circular tower. The moat was crossed on its north-western side, where remains of a gatehouse have been identified. There are remains of a building platform and a further earthwork outside the moat, to the south of the monument; these are considered to be integral to the monument. The site is thought to have been built for Archbishop Neville during the reign of Edward IV, though the manor itself had been in the hands of the See of York since the reign of the Saxon king Athelstan, and so it is likely that the remains visible today overlie earlier structures. (Scheduling Report)

The site is believed to mark the palace of Archbishop Neville who resided here in the reign of Edward IV. His arms appear on one of the church windows. A moated enclosure, now dry, with fish ponds to the South-east. All are in good condition. Within the enclosure the ground is hummocky, and the overgrown remains of two rectangular buildings are the only identifiable features

Suggestion of gatehouse at South-West corner and gap in North moat. Another large enclosure to South. Aerial photographs show up the outline of buildings clearly on the interior of the moated enclosure, and the associated fishponds. Two other possible fishponds, much smaller, can be identified on the lower slope to the south-east, at SE 8130 5522 and SE 8030 5522. Traces of ridge and furrow cultivation survive to the north of Hall Garth and the village. (PastScape)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE799553
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

No photos available. If you can provide pictures please contact Castlefacts

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  • Pratt, M and Pratt, K. (eds), 2011, The site of the Archbishops' Palace, Bishop Wilton Extracts from the Local History Bulletins online copy
  • Turner, Maurice, 2004, Yorkshire Castles: Exploring Historic Yorkshire (Otley: Westbury Publishing) p. 184, 219, 235
  • Thompson, M.W., 1998, Medieval bishops' houses in England and Wales (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing) p. 188
  • Emery, Anthony, 1996, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 1 Northern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 301
  • Neave, Susan, 1991, Medieval Parks of East Yorkshire (Univeristy of Hull) p. 22
  • Loughlin, Neil and Miller, Keith, 1979, A survey of archaeological sites in Humberside carried out for the Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee p. 77
  • Le Patourel, H.E. Jean, 1973, The Moated Sites of Yorkshire (The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 5) p. 117
  • Niemeyer, N., 1911, 'Introductory Chapter' in Rait, R.S. (ed), English Episcopal Palaces (Province of York) (London; Constable & Co) p. 7 online copy
  • 1868, The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (Virtue and Co.) p. 282 view online transcription


  • 1997, East Riding Archaeologist Vol. 9 p. 137-41
  • 1994, 'Recent work by Humberside Archaeology Unit' CBA Forum p.26
  • Nenk, B.S. (ed), 1994, 'Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1993' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 38 p. 226-7


  • Historic England, 2016, Heritage at Risk Yorkshire Register 2016 (London: Historic England) p. 5 online copy
  • Historic England, 2015, Heritage at Risk Yorkshire Register 2015 (London: Historic England) p. 5 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 6 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 5 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 22 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 22 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 20 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 30 online copy
  • Payne, Naomi, 2003, The medieval residences of the bishops of Bath and Wells, and Salisbury (PhD Thesis University of Bristol) Appendix B: List of Medieval Bishop's Palaces in England and Wales (available via EThOS)
  • Crooks, K., 1993, An archaeological excavation at the Archbishops Palace, 1993 (Humberside Archaeological Unit)