Stone Barton Ringwork
Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (MotteRingwork), and also as a Questionable Masonry Castle
There are earthwork remains
|Name||Stone Barton Ringwork
The earthwork remains of a Norman ringwork situated on the top of a high hill with commanding views between two large river valleys to the north and south. Central to the site is a sub-circular enclosed area which measures 38m north-south and 34.2m east-west and is defined by large banks. There are some internal features visible within the enclosed area including an elongated bank which runs from the eastern outer bank to the west and peters out. There is also a sub-circular mound in the north west segment which has a diameter of 6.5m and is 0.2m high. The site was possibly occupied by a manor house during the medieval period. Quantities of iron slag have been discovered within the enclosure. (PastScape)
Stone Barton, in beautiful remote country 2 m. E. of the town, has substantial remains of an earthwork on a promontory above the farm. There is said to have been a castle here, and in Westcote's day a ruined heap of stones could be seen. It may have been a small Iron Age hill-fort adapted later to an early medieval castle or fortified house. (Hoskins)
The castle north of Stone Barton survives well and contains archaeological information relating to Norman military activity in this part of Devon.
This monument includes the earthwork remains of a castle, known as a ringwork, situated on top of a high hill with commanding views between two large river valleys to the north and south. Central to the site is a sub-circular enclosed area which measures 38m from north to south and 34.2m from east to west and is defined by large banks. To the north the banks measure 9.8m wide and are up to 1.4m high when viewed externally. To the north west they measure 5.5m wide and up to 1.7m high externally and 0.7m high internally. Some spreading has occurred to a width of some 2.3m downslope and this material partly overlies another bank
The enclosure curves round to the west where it attains a width of 8m and is 1.3m high externally and 0.8m high internally. Undulations in height and changes in width would seem to indicate the presence of tumble around stony walls. To the south the area forms a largely flattened bank which measures 5.3m wide and 0.1m high internally. To the east, the enclosure bank measures 9.7m wide and 0.6m high. There are some internal features visible within the enclosed area including an elongated bank which runs from the eastern outer bank to the west and peters out. This bank measures 4.5m wide and 0.2m high. There is also a sub-circular mound in the north west segment which has a diameter of 6.5m and is 0.2m high. To the north of the enclosure, downslope and partly overlain by it, is a large curving bank. This measures 3.4m wide, 1.8m high downslope and 0.4m high upslope. It curves around the enclosure and veers off in a south easterly direction. To the east of this curving bank is a D-shaped spread of material with a hollowed centre. This measures 8.4m long and 5.4m wide and is 0.6m high. To the south of the curving bank lies a circular enclosure which has an internal diameter of 10.2m. The enclosing banks measure 4.2m wide and up to 0.4m high internally. A rectangular structure lies to the east of this enclosure and south of the curving bank. Aligned in an east-west direction and defined by banks, it measures 16.1m long by 14.3m wide internally. The banks are 3.2m wide and 0.3m to 0.5m high. A further large bank lies 19m to the south of the curving bank. This measures 3.4m wide and 0.5m high and occupies the south eastern quadrant of the site. To the west of the large enclosure is a sub-rectangular feature defined by stony banks which runs parallel to the western field boundary and appears to partly underlie it. This feature measures 13.2m long and 3.2m wide internally and is defined by a 0.7m wide bank standing up to 0.3m high. To the south of the enclosure and partly overlain by material from it, are two banks. The first measures 4.2m wide and is 0.4m high. It runs south towards the field boundary which cuts it at its southernmost extent. The enclosure decreases in height as it trends towards the south. To the east is the second bank. This measures 9.2m wide and 0.6m high. It is aligned NNW-SSE. (Scheduling Report)
King rejects this site writing "This has been identified as a motte and bailey by the Ordnance Survey. There are no earthworks of any significance, and the main feature seems to be merely a line of small buildings, ruined and grassed over."
No medieval documentation, but a strong tradition from 17th century of a castle here. No archaeological dating evidence. Although its form is unclear, it was possibly a walled enclosure with towers and a gatehouse. Probably dating to the 14/15th century. (Devon and Dartmoor HER ref. Higham 1979)
This site is a scheduled monument protected by law
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
|OS Map Grid Reference||SS713141