Windy Hall

Has been described as a Questionable Bastle

There are uncertain remains

NameWindy Hall
Alternative NamesWindy Hill; High Windy Hall
Historic CountryCumberland
Modern AuthorityCumbria
1974 AuthorityCumbria
Civil ParishAlston Moor

The original part of the house, probably built in the late 17th century or circa 1700, is at the S end of the building and this was enlarged by additions up the slope of the hill probably circa 1800 or later. It retains the general form of a bastle but has no defensive qualities (Ramm et al).

The bastle forms part of a now derelict farmhouse; the whole in poor condition (Field Investigators Comments–F1 BHP 13-SEP-74). (PastScape)

built around 1700 to the west of the later Alston to Middleton road, overlooking Garrigill and the South Tyne valley. ..., the relative thinness of their walls and the quantity of fenestration on their upper floors betray them as developments, rather than examples, of buildings with a defensive purpose. Indeed, the term 'house-over-byre' might be more appropriately used to describe these buildings than 'bastle derivative', as the latter term is cemented with connotations of defensibility whilst the former demonstrates the general usage of the building type. (Jessop and Whitfield)

Gatehouse Comments

Perriam and Robinson 1998 call this a 'Probable bastle' but their short text seems more circumspect. Doubtful this was meant to be fortified. The building was refurbished in 2004. Has been up for sale and online searches may produce estate agent details of some slight architectural interest.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY749415
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  • Perriam, Denis and Robinson, John, 1998, The Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 29) p. 42 (plan)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. lxviii
  • Ramm, H.G., McDowall, R.W. and Mercer, E., 1970, Shielings and Bastles (London: HMSO) p. 75 no. 3


  • Jessop, L. and Whitfield, M. 2010, The Parish of Alston Moor, Cumbria: Historic Area Assessment (English Heritage Research Department Reports series 64-2010) p. 29 online copy