Hayton How Hill

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are no visible remains

NameHayton How Hill
Alternative NamesThe How
Historic CountryCumberland
Modern AuthorityCumbria
1974 AuthorityCumbria
Civil ParishHayton

The How of How Hill is possibly a Tumulus (Annotated Record Map Private 1" (W G Collingwood Undtd)) or a Motte (Collingwood 1923) according to Collingwood. It is described by Hall as being a natural hill of sand about 50ft high, the upper portion of which is probably artificial. It has not been excavated (Hall 1883).

A natural feature, almost conical in shape with a somewhat flat and uneven summit. Although ideally suited for a motte with its commanding position, there is no evidence of the hill having been artificially worked, nor are there any traces of a tumulus (F1 BHP 15-MAR-72).

This location falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by English Heritage's Hadrian's Wall NMP. Evidence from vertical photographs taken in 1946 supports the interpretation of the mound as a natural feature. (RAF/106G/SCOT/UK/45 3198-9 04-MAY-1946). (PastScape)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY506563
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

No photos available. If you can provide pictures please contact Castlefacts

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

Calculate Print


  • Perriam, Denis and Robinson, John, 1998, The Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 29) p. 155 (reject)
  • Jackson, M.J.,1990, Castles of Cumbria (Carlisle: Carel Press) p. 99 (reject)


  • Collingwood, W.G., 1923, 'An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Cumberland' Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 23 p. 216 online copy
  • Hall, G.Rome, 1883, 'On Ancient Remains, chiefly Prehistoric, in Geltsdale, Cumberland' Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 6 p. 470 online copy


  • Clare, T., 1982, A Report on Medieval Fortified Sites in Cumbria (Cumbria CC) (reject as natural)