Braystones Brough Hill

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameBraystones Brough Hill
Alternative NamesBraystanes; Feulow; Diamond Jubilee Tower
Historic CountryCumberland
Modern AuthorityCumbria
1974 AuthorityCumbria
Civil ParishLowside Quarter

Braystanes {sic} (Brough Hill) NY 008060. Supposed motte (Curwen p. 39). Elongated glacial formation with level top, rather resembling a slag-heap, but evidently natural. (King 1983)

Supposed motte but natural feature.

Curwen suggests that this was the motte of the de Braithstones 'the Braystones Tower' now stands upon it' (a 19th century home).

Curwen gives Parker as his source. (Perriam and Robinson 1998)

Gatehouse Comments

The location, by a river crossing, may seem reasonable for a motte. However, there is nothing to suggest any adaptation of this natural glacial hill as a castle, such as ditches or scarping (other than natural erosive scarping by the river on the north side). A late C19 tower sits on the top of the hill and the level top may, in part, be a modification of that date.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY008059
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  • Perriam, Denis and Robinson, John, 1998, The Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 29) p. 98
  • Salter, Mike, 1998, The Castles and Tower Houses of Cumbria (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 96 (slight)
  • Jackson, M.J.,1990, Castles of Cumbria (Carlisle: Carel Press)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 96 (reject)
  • Armstrong, A.M., 1950, The Place-Names of Cumberland, part 2 The Wards of Allerdale Above Derwent and Allerdale Below Derwent (English Place-Name Society 21) p. 414
  • Pevsner, N., 1967, Buildings of England: Cumberland and Westmorland (London, Penguin) p. 66
  • Parker, C.A. (new edn rev. Collingwood, W.G.), 1926, The Gosforth District: Its Antiquities and Places of Interest (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 15) p. 126
  • Curwen, J.F., 1913, Castles and Fortified Towers of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire North of the Sands (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 13) p. 39
  • Parker, C.A., 1904, The Gosforth District p. 153
  • Collingwood, W.G., 1901, 'Remains of the pre-Norman Period' in H.Arthur Doubleday (ed), VCH Cumberland Vol. 1 p. 291 online copy