House of Baldwin Tyrel

Has been described as a Questionable Fortified Manor House

There are no visible remains

NameHouse of Baldwin Tyrel
Alternative Names
Historic CountryCornwall
Modern AuthorityCornwall
1974 AuthorityCornwall
Civil Parish

During a trial, in 1212, of Baldwin Tyrel, a tenant of Alan de Dunstanville, a royal household knight, was accused of saying the King was dead. He is reported as barricading the house (domum castellatam et briaschiatam) against Alan's steward and two other of his men. The case was heard in the hundred courts of Truro and St. Austell but referred to the King. In the royal courts the steward gave evidence that the house was not castellated or bratticed, but merely barred.

Gatehouse Comments

Renn records this a possible castle in the St Austell/Truro region. Suggesting bolting the door against three men (who would have been armed but probably not armoured - and who went to court, not to battle) as a 'fortified house' seems to be pushing the definition of fortified to an extreme. The social status of Baldwin is unclear but this may have been little more than strongly built peasant house described in fanciful language by men who had failed to gain entry. Holt calls Baldwin an unimportant Cornish Tenant. He writes "I have been unable to trace where Baldwin Tyrel's estates lay. It may be relevant that Robert fitz Walter (another household knight involved in the trial) held fees along the Fowey estuary."

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid Reference

No photos available. If you can provide pictures please contact Castlefacts

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  • Church, S. D., 1999, The household knights of King John p. 58-60 (on trial of Baldwin Tyrel)
  • Holt, J.C., The Northerners p. 82n1
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 354

Primary Sources

  • 1935, Curia Regis Rolls John - 16 John 1213-1215 (HMSO) Vol. 7 p. 168-73
  • Maitland, F.W. (ed), 1888, Select Pleas of the Crown Vol. 1 (Selden Society) p. 67-75 online copy