Bogs Mount Castle, Burfa

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are masonry footings remains

NameBogs Mount Castle, Burfa
Alternative NamesThe Bogs
Historic CountryRadnorshire
Modern AuthorityPowys
1974 AuthorityPowys
CommunityOld Radnor

A ditched motte, c40-35m in diameter and 1.8m high, having traces of a counterscarp to the S and a small bailey, or platform to the N - traces of a building here are presumably those of 'The Bogs', a ruined cottage, noted in 1913. (Coflein)

Roughly oval motte 42m by 38m across base with D-shaped top 20m by 15m. Remains of embanked ditch at S. Traces of ditch at N and E with footings of two rectangular buildings visible which are prob not contemporary with motte. Possible bailey bank located, (Cadw, 1998) Cadw photographs taken 17/08/2000 show: i) platform on side of motte with stone exposed at lower end and ii) mound of stonework at upper end, iii) platform with building foundations, iv) probable quarrying on N sid of motte. (Cadw 2000b) Boundary of scheduled area amended in January 2001 to include 2 post-med buildings which lie to the east of the motte. The buildings represent a post medieval phase of occupation at Bog's Mount demonstrating a continuing presence there after the motte ceased to be used as a fortification (Cadw, 2001). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and ditch, dating to the medieval period (c. 1066 -1540 AD), together with the remains of two post-medieval house platforms. A motte is a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil and/or stone, usually surrounded by either a wet or dry ditch, and surmounted by a tower constructed of timber or stone. This site, which is also known as Bogs Mound Castle, occupies a low-lying position in marshy ground in the valley of the Knobley brook, at the east end of the Walton basin. The motte stands to a height of c.3.6m and has a top diameter of c.16m. The bailey was probably on the north-east side, where faint traces of a bank occur c.45m north-east of the ditch surrounding the motte. The stream and marshy ground adjoining it would probably have provided adequate defence against any attack on the west

The two post-medieval house platforms lie on the south-east of the motte. (Scheduling Report)

Gatehouse Comments

Sometimes reported as having scant traces of shell keep.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO275611
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Britnell, B. 2013, Walton Basin: archaeology and conservation. Welshpool (Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust)
  • Remfry, P., 2008, The Castles and History of Radnorshire (SCS Publishing)
  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 249 (listed)
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of Mid Wales (Malvern) p. 56
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 181
  • Remfry, P., 1996, Castles of Radnorshire (Logaston Press) p. 75-79 (plan)
  • Remfry, P., 1995, Ten Castles of the Radnor Lordship (SCS Publishing, Worcester)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 408
  • Livock, G.E., 1939, Maps Radnorshire 6 inch Record/MS notes (RCAHM)
  • Downman, E.A., 1916, Ancient Earthworks in Radnorshire
  • RCAHMW, 1913, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Radnorshire (HMSO) p. 44 no. 166 online copy


  • Gibson, A., 1997, 'Survey in the Walton Basin (Radnor Valley) Powys' Transactions of the Radnorshire Society Vol. 67 p. 20-62 esp 42, 43 (plan) online copy
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Renn, D.F., 1959, 'Mottes: a classification' Antiquity Vol. 33 p. 106-12