Barling Magna Brimstone Hill

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameBarling Magna Brimstone Hill
Alternative Names
Historic CountryEssex
Modern AuthorityEssex
1974 AuthorityEssex
Civil ParishBarling Magna

Possible castle mound. Southend Museum reported that evidence was found for the raising of the mound followed by late C13-early C14 occupation but no trace of a building was noted on its summit. SMR has note - probably red hill. (Unlocking Essex's Past)

Gatehouse Comments

Mound with evidence of late C13 early C14 occupation. Isolated and surrounded by tidal waters and marshland. The location is not that of a residence of any form. A Red Hill is a mound that was produced by Iron Age or Roman salt making, of which an estimated 150-200 exist in Essex. This seems a much more probably explanation for the origin of the mound but does not account for the medieval occupation. However nothing suggests this occupation was high status. Previously Gatehouse has suggested "Most unusual siting, I doubt this is a manorial site, and siting is not a military strategic one. Possibly some form of hunting lodge. Suggested by me as location of Brymshoo where Humphrey de Bohan was granted a licence to crenellate in 1347. This was one of ten sites licensed and it's seems unlikely that the licence was acted upon." This suggestion is now withdrawn and Brymshoo given its own record.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTQ943894
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  • Wilson, D.M. and Hurst, D.G.(ed), 1970, 'Medieval Britain in 1969' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 14 p. 176 download copy