Colburn Hall

Has been described as a Questionable Fortified Manor House

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameColburn Hall
Alternative Names
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
1974 AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
Civil ParishRichmond

Incorrectly marked on Ordnance Survey map as Saint Ann's Chapel. Courthouse, now storehouse. c1300. Rubble, pantile roof with stone slates at eaves. First-floor hall with undercroft. 2 storeys, 5 internal bays. Quoins. Main entrance to first floor on east side, with external stone steps leading up to board door in recess. Board door to undercroft. Raised verges with moulded coping and weathered finials. West elevation: buttress at left end; board sliding door to undercroft towards left; first-floor board door with quoined jambs to right. South gable end: first-floor window of 2 trefoiled lights divided by a shaft with Early English capital, tracery in head with a cusped quatrefoil, label. Above the window, a square opening blocked with brick, perhaps a dovecote. North gable end: 2 single-light windows to undercroft; on first floor, but at lower level than window at south end, single trefoiled light. Interior, in undercroft: segmental rear arch to eastern door; deeply-splayed reveals to north windows. Upper chamber: in eastern wall, fireplace with moulded segmental arch; end windows splayed, with chamfered segmental rear arches. Collared principal rafter roof trusses with trenched purlins, wall plate and common rafters, of C17 type, partially renewed. (Listed Building Report)

North-west of Brough and close to the river is the little village of Colburn, with a hall, once the residence of the D'Arcy family, but now a farm. In the out-houses of Colburn Hall there still exist remains of a 14th-century structure, which has been considered a chapel, but might be a tithe-barn. These form a rectangular building running nearly north and south and measuring about 39 ft. by 23 ft. on the exterior. In the middle of the south wall is a blocked two-light 14th-century window with trefoiled heads and a quatrefoil above, the dividing mullion having a moulded capital. There is a chamfered label with decayed mask stops

At the opposite end are traces of a similar window, and below it on each side two blocked-up square chamfered openings measuring 2 ft. 6 in. by 1 ft. 2 in. On the exterior of the west wall are traces of a window 3 ft. 8 in. in width, and on the east side is a doorway, possibly original, 4 ft. 6 in. wide, with a depressed arch and plain jambs; at the north-west angle is a buttress. The walls have been much repaired, and the interior provided with a partition wall and a loft, so that no further details of the original design can be traced. (VCH)

Gatehouse Comments

Ingham writes "hall of a fortified house, once home of the D'Arcys", although it is unclear what bases he suggests fortified. No suggestion of moat or perimeter wall.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE196992
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  • Ingham, Bernard, 2001, Bernard Ingham's Yorkshire Castles (Dalesman) p. 25
  • Ryder, P.F., 1982, Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire p. 142
  • Buck, Samuel, 1979, Samuel Buck's Yorkshire Sketchbook (Wakefield Historical Publications) p. 382
  • Page, Wm (ed), 1914, VCH Yorkshire: North Riding Vol. 1 p. 301, 312 online transcription


  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 75 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 84 online copy
  • Wilcos, S., 2001, Colburn Hall, North Riding, Yorkshire. A first floor hall or chamber block? (MA Thesis)