Cassington Manor House

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameCassington Manor House
Alternative NamesKersington
Historic CountryOxfordshire
Modern AuthorityOxfordshire
1974 AuthorityOxfordshire
Civil ParishCassington

William Montagu obtained licence to crenellate his manor of Cassington in 1317. The house, which stood within a moat south-east of the church, presumably decayed in the later 15th century when the lords of the manor no longer used it as an occasional residence. The site was in 1982 marked by a mound about 20 yards east of the surviving farmhouse, Reynolds Farm, a coursed rubble building of two storeys with attics. The main range, which runs north-south, has a three-room plan with a small projection on the west; it was probably built in the early 17th century. The house was extended to the north-west in the 18th century and to the north-east in the early 20th century, at about which time the roof of the old house was renewed. The cellars probably once extended further south and there may have been a room above them. The pigeon house west of the house may be of the 17th century. The earthworks of three fishponds survive in a field south of the house. The house was retained by Edmund Reynolds when he sold the rest of his Cassington estate in 1700. (VCH)

The site consists of a rectangular moated island about 60 by 40m surrounded by a ditch up to 30m wide. Reynold's Farm stands on the W edge of the area and there is a medieval dovecote on the side of the moat. The E and S arms of the moat still have streams but the W arm has been largely infilled. To the S of the moat is a group of fishponds, the largest of which is 25m wide and up to 2m deep and has been partly been infilled and is now only about 80m long. To the SE of this pond are two small fish tanks or fish-stews each 25m long and 5m wide. (Oxfordshire HER ref. Aston 1974)

Gatehouse Comments

Willielmus de Monte Acuto (William Montague or Montacute) obtained, in 1317, a licence to crenellate his 'manerium' at Kersington in Oxfordshire. This was, according to Parker, Garsington where a C17 house is constructed on the site of an earlier house. However, in fact, this seems to be Cassington Manor House, of which some slight earthworks remain.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSP455105
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  • Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 211
  • Crossley, Alan (ed), 1990, VCH Oxfordshire Vol. 12 p. 40-4 online transcription
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 407 online copy


  • Hassall, T., 1983, 'Cassington' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 13 p. 117 online copy
  • Aston, M., 1974, 'Cassington, Oxfordshire PRN3763' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 4 p. 14-5 (plan) online copy
  • Aston, M., 1972, 'Moated Sites in Oxfordshire' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 2 p. 30 online copy

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1903, Calendar of Patent Rolls Edward II (1317-21) Vol. 3 p. 29 online copy