Low Hayrake Farmhouse

Has been described as a Possible Bastle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameLow Hayrake Farmhouse
Alternative Names
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorthumberland
1974 AuthorityNorthumberland
Civil ParishAllendale

Extensively altered recently, measures 9.3m x 6.3m overall. Side wall 0.95m thick, end wall 1.12m thick (Ryder 1984).

Low Hayrake lies on the north west side of the Swinhope Valley. The farmhouse, renovated in the early 1980s, is a bastle. It measures c.9.3m by 6.3m externally with walls 1m-1.2m thick of the usual heavy rubble with characteristic long quoins, above a boulder plinth. Traces of blocked openings in the front (south east) elevation relate to the sash windows which preceded the present late 20th century fenestration. Part of the sill of a two-light mullioned window has been reused close to the north east end of the wall. There are various blocked openings visible in the rear (north west) elevation, although none that are necessarily original to the building. A blocked doorway in the north east gable end, set right of centre, and only visible from within the adjacent farmbuilding has the lower part of one jamb chamfered, but a later timber lintel (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY836479
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  • Dodds, John F., 1999, Bastions and Belligerents (Newcastle upon Tyne: Keepdate Publishing) p. 428


  • Christopherson, R., 2011, 'Northumberland bastles: origin and distribution' Medieval Settlement Research Vol. 26 p. 21-33 (listed in appendix)
  • Ryder, P.F., 1992, 'Bastles and bastle-like buildings in Allendale' Archaeological Journal Vol. 149 p. 351-79 (listed in appendix)


  • Ryder, P.F., 1994-5, Towers and Bastles in Northumberland Part 4 Tynedale District Vol. 1 p. 12
  • Ryder, P.F., 1984, The Bastles of Allendale. Unpublished