Upper Pedwardine, Brampton Bryan

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameUpper Pedwardine, Brampton Bryan
Alternative NamesUpper Penwardine
Historic CountryHerefordshire
Modern AuthorityHerefordshire
1974 AuthorityHereford and Worcester
Civil ParishBrampton Bryan

Remains of a motte identified at Upper Pedwardine. The mound has been partly destroyed by the erection of a farm building. It appears to have been roughly circular in plan with a diameter of 36yds at the base. It stands on a slope and rises about 8ft above the ground on the higher side. (PastScape)

Motte, diam at base c34m; height 2.3m Mound has been halfcut away by the erection of a farm building (RCHME). Members of the archaeology section of the Woolhope Club visited the site on 14/04/91. Although much has been destroyed by 18th century and modern farm buildings members were able to use existing remains to form a probable ground plan of the castle. A detailed description is given and it would appear that a stump of a tower remains buried in the motte, possibly octangular. The bailey would appear to enclose the present farm yard. A round foundation on the plan is likely to be a dovecote (HAN, 1992). Pedwardine is mentioned in the Shropshire Domesday, papers relating to the Pedwardine manor are in the British Library and National Library of Wales. This is probably a late 12th to mid 13th century castle site. Much has been robbed out and damaged. Vestiges of a round pigeon house and spring fed waterworks can be discerned from aerial photogs. The cattle shed built into the mound has robust stone foundations, possibly relating to the castle (HAN, 2005). (Herefordshire SMR)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO364708
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Shoesmith, Ron, 2009 (Rev edn.), Castles and Moated Sites of Herefordshire (Logaston Press) p. 69
  • Salter, Mike, 2000, Castles of Herefordshire and Worcestershire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 50
  • Stirling-Brown, R., 1989, Herefordshire Castles (privately published) p. 1, 20
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1
  • RCHME, 1934, An inventory of the historical monuments in Herefordshire Vol. 3: north-west p. 21 No. 7 online transcription


  • Sterling Brown, R., 2005, 'Field trip to Lingen and Pedwardine' Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 76 p. 26-36
  • Halliwell, P. (ed), 1992, Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 57 p. 23
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124