Bannister Green Quakers Mount

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameBannister Green Quakers Mount
Alternative Names
Historic CountryEssex
Modern AuthorityEssex
1974 AuthorityEssex
Civil ParishFelsted

Called suspect low motte by King although not put in his 'possible' list which would equate to the Gatehouse questionable category. Mound, probably site of a wind mill, c100ft in diameter at base and 12ft high. Artificial mound in garden of cottage, known as Mill Cottage, c3.5 high, flat top c16.2m x 10.6m. Originally may have been circular but it seems that a sloping extension was built on the east side from the top of the mound down to the road. A wet moat surrounds roughly half the perimeter on the west side of the mound. The south side of the faces the front of the cottage and has been made into a rockery. Excavated 1946-1947. Quaker burials found (see 1256). Tithe map of 1844 marks it as Mill Hill, cottage as Mill Cottage. No finds from excavations could be used to date the mound. It is generally thought to be a tumulus, also used as a mill mound and Quaker burial ground. OS 1975-feature takes advantage of exposed position in level area.. Appearance and shape are typical of windmill steads in the region. Tail of the mound at the east end and the surrounding semi-circular ditch are indicative. Ditch is shallow, waterfilled, cut seems contemporary with mound. No evidence it ever completely surrounded the mound. Disused by C17 its appearance and name are conclusive of its use and probable origin. (Derived from Unlocking Essex's Past)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTL695204
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  • Osbourne, Mike, 2013, Defending Essex (Stroud: The History Press) p. 24
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 144
  • RCHME, 1921, An inventory of the historical monuments in Essex Vol. 2 (central and south-west) p. 84 no. 109 online transcription
  • Gould, Chalkley, 1903, 'Ancient Earthworks' in Doubleday, Arthur and Page, Wm (eds), VCH Essex Vol. 1 p. 294 online copy


  • Trow, C., 1948, Essex Review Vol. 57 p. 100-103 (unprofitable excavation report)
  • French, J., 1909, Essex Archaeological Society Transactions Vol. 10 p. 258
  • French, J., 1892, 'A mound without a History' Essex Naturalist Vol. 6 p. 100-1 online copy